Protecting and improving a child’s health is essential to provide them with a better quality of life. Whilst the under 5 mortality rate has declined from 93 deaths per 1000 in 1990 to 37 per 1000 in 2020, there is still a long way to prevent children from dying of preventable childhood diseases.
Sub-Saharan Africa remains as the region with the highest mortality rate for children of all ages from diseases such as Malaria, Diarrhoea and Pneumonia which are all diseases that are highly treatable in Western countries and Europe. Half of the world’s countries lack access to essential health services and many other simply cannot afford the costs associated with keeping up with treatments. A lack of education on infectious diseases and health management is quite often seen amongst these populations from parents through to children.
Whilst declining children mortality rates over the past 2 decades must not be overlooked, there is still a long way to go to ensure mortality rates are significantly reduced. There are several factors that are interconnected when it comes to health management amongst children across the globe. The wide gaps in education, availability of health services and poverty must all be tackled to combat the issue of global child health.